What is the remedy?

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The use of the common law offence of Misconduct in Public Office should therefore be limited to the following situations:

  1. Where there is no relevant statutory offence, but the behaviour or the circumstances are such that they should nevertheless be treated as criminal;
  2. Where there is a statutory offence but it would be difficult or inappropriate to use it. This might arise because of evidential difficulties in proving the statutory offence in the particular circumstances;
  3. because the maximum sentence for the statutory offence would be entirely insufficient for the seriousness of the misconduct.